正常人の頸椎柱の矢状面運動に関するX線学的研究: 石原 明(東京医科大学整形外科学教室 指導:野崎寛三教授); 日整会誌 42 1968.1045-1056.

正常人の頸椎柱彎曲に関するX線学的研究: 石原 明(東京医科大学整形外科学教室 指導:野崎寛三教授); 日整会誌 42 1968.1033-1044.

Impact of longitudinal distance of the cervical spine on the results of expansive open-door laminoplasty: Chiba K, Toyama Y, Watanabe M, Maruiwa H, Matsumoto M, Hirabayashi K; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Nov 15;25(22):2893-8.

脊柱前縦靭帯ならびに後縦靭帯の解剖学的研究 特にその微細構造と骨化病態について: 鈴木康正(東京医科大学整形外科学教室 指導:野崎寛三教授); 日整会誌 46 1972.79-1950.

Effect of Preoperative Sagittal Balance on Cervical Laminoplasty Outcomes: Oshima Y, Takeshita K, Taniguchi Y, Matsubayashi Y, Doi T, Ohya J, Soma K, Kato S, Oka H, Chikuda H, Tanaka S; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Nov 1;41(21):E1265-E1270.

Cervical Sagittal Imbalance is a Predictor of Kyphotic Deformity After Laminoplasty in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Patients Without Preoperative Kyphotic Alignment: Sakai K, Yoshii T, Hirai T, Arai Y, Torigoe I, Tomori M, Sato H, Okawa A; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Feb;41(4):299-305.

Impact of longitudinal distance of the cervical spine on the results of expansive open-door laminoplasty.: Chiba K, Toyama Y, Watanabe M, Maruiwa H, Matsumoto M, Hirabayashi K; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Nov 15;25(22):2893-8.


PLIF術後の隣接椎間障害1000例の追跡調査: 奥田真也 他; J.Spine Res.7: 2016.1481-1487,

Clinical and Surgical Predictors of Complications Following Surgery for the Treatment of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Results From the Multicenter, Prospective AOSpine International Study of 479 Patients: Teteault L, Tan G, Kopjar B, Côté P, Arnold P, Nugaeva N, Barbagallo G, Fehlings MG; Neurosurgery. 2016 Jul;79(1):33-44.


Adjacent segment disease after lumbar or lumbosacral fusion: review of the literature: Park P, Garton HJ, Gala VC, Hoff JT, McGillicuddy JE; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Sep 1;29(17):1938-44.

Pelvic retroversion is the key protective mechanism of L4-5 degenerative spondylolisthesis: Liu H1, Li S, Zheng Z, Wang J, Wang H, Li X; Eur Spine J. 2015 Jun;24(6):1204-11.

Pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch predisposes to adjacent segment disease after lumbar spinal fusion: Rothenfluh DA, Mueller DA, Rothenfluh E, Min K; Eur Spine J. 2015 Jun;24(6):1251-8.

Risk of adjacent-segment disease requiring surgery after short lumbar fusion: results of the French Spine Surgery Society Series: Scemama C, Magrino B, Gillet P, Guigui P; J Neurosurg Spine. 2016 Jul;25(1):46-51.

Adjacent Segment Disease After Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Based on Cases With a Minimum of 10 Years of Follow-up: Nakashima H, Kawakami N, Tsuji T, Ohara T, Suzuki Y, aito T, Nohara A, Tauchi R, Ohta K, Hamajima N, Imagama S; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Jul 15;40(14):E831-41.


Recruitment of compensatory mechanisms in sagittal spinal malalignment is age and regional deformity dependent: a full-standing axis analysis of key radiographical parameters: Diebo BG, Ferrero E, Lafage R, Challier V, Liabaud B, Liu S, Vital JM, Errico TJ, Schwab FJ, Lafage V; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 May 1;40(9):642-9.


Seating of ceramic liners in the uncemented trident acetabular shell: is there really a problem?: Howcroft DW, Qureshi A, Graham NM; Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009 Oct;467(10):2651-5.


Clinical analysis of C5 palsy after cervical decompression surgery: relationship between recovery duration and clinical and radiological factors: Chae-Hong Lim, Sung-Woo Roh, Seung-Chul Rhim, Sang-Ryong Jeon; Eur Spine J. 2016 Jun 24.

Walking sagittal balance correction by pedicle subtraction osteotomy in adults with fixed sagittal imbalance: Mitsuru Yagi, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma, Masafumi Machida; Eur Spine J. 2016 May 9.

Associations of Sarcopenic Obesity and Dynapenic Obesity with Bone Mineral Density and Incident Fractures Over 5-10 Years in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Scott D, Chandrasekara SD, Laslett LL, Cicuttini F, Ebeling PR, Jones G; Calcif Tissue Int. 2016 Jul;99(1):30-42.


Relationship between T1 slope and loss of lordosis after laminoplasty in patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: Byeongwoo Kim, MD, Do Heum Yoon, MD, PhD, Yoon Ha, MD, PhD, Seong Yi, MD, PhD,Dong Ah Shin, MD, PhD, Chang Kyu Lee, MD, Nam Lee, MD, Keung Nyun Kim, MD, PhD; The Spine Journal. 2016 Feb; 16 (2): 219–225

Modified translaminar screw fixation in the cervicothoracic junction (C7–T2): Dong-Dong Xia, Mei-Jun Yan, Jing-Jie Zhang, Feng Zhou, Hong-Ming Xu, Yong-li Wang,Jun Tan, Xiang-Yang Wang; Eur Spine J. 2016 Jun;25(6):1661-1664

Transuncovertebral joint screw placement: Tomoyuki Takigawa, Masato Tanaka, Takuya Morita, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Ozaki Toshifumi; Eur Spine J. 2016 Jun;25(6):1655-1660

Use of intraoperative fluoroscopy for the safe placement of C2 laminar screws: John A. Engler, Michael L. Smith; Eur Spine J. 2015 Dec;24(12):2771-2775

Influence of high-heeled shoes on the sagittal balance of the spine and the whole body: Tim Weitkunat, Florian M. Buck, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen, Cle´ment M. L. Werner, Georg Osterhoff; Eur Spine J. 2016 May 20.

Walking sagittal balance correction by pedicle subtraction osteotomy in adults with fixed sagittal imbalance: Mitsuru Yagi, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma, Masafumi Machida; Eur Spine J. 2016 May 9.

High-heeled-related alterations in the static sagittal profile of the spino-pelvic structure in young women: Min Dai, Xiaofeng Li, Xin Zhou, Yiqiang Hu, Qiang Luo, Song Zhou; Eur Spine J. 2015 Jun;24(6):1274-81

Rapid, reliable, and reproducible molecular sub-grouping of clinical medulloblastoma samples: Northcott PA, Shih DJ, Remke M, Cho YJ, Kool M, Hawkins C, Eberhart CG, Dubuc A, Guettouche T, Cardentey Y, Bouffet E, Pomeroy SL, Marra M, Malkin D, Rutka JT, Korshunov A, Pfister S, Taylor MD; Acta Neuropathol. 2012 Apr;123(4):615-26


Identification of recurrent NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions in solitary fibrous tumor by integrative sequencing: Dan R Robinson, Yi-Mi Wu, Shanker Kalyana-Sundaram, Xuhong Cao, Robert J Lonigro, Yun-Shao Sung, Chun-Liang Chen, Lei Zhang, Rui Wang, Fengyun Su, Matthew K Iyer, Sameek Roychowdhury, Javed Siddiqui, Kenneth J Pienta, Lakshmi P Kunju, Moshe Talpaz, Juan Miguel Mosquera, Samuel Singer, Scott M Schuetze, Cristina R Antonescu & Arul M Chinnaiyan; Nature Genetics. 2013 Feb, 45(2): 180-185

The 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumorsof the Central Nervous System: a summary: David N. Louis, Arie Perry, Guido Reifenberger, Andreas von Deimling, Dominique Figarella‑Branger, Webster K. Cavenee, Hiroko Ohgaki8, Otmar D, Wiestler, Paul Kleihues, David W. Ellison; Acta Neuropathol. 2016 Jun; 131(6):803–820


The surgical algorithm for the AOSpine thoracolumbar spine injury classification system: Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder, Christopher K. Kepler.,F. Cumhur Oner, Luiz R. Vialle, Frank Kandziora, John D. Koerner, Mark F. Kurd, Max Reinhold, Klaus J. Schnake, Jens Chapman, Bizhan Aarabi, Michael G. Fehlings, Marcel F. Dvorak; Eur Spine J (2016) 25:1087–1094


Reliability assessment of a novel cervical spine deformity classification system: Ames CP, Smith JS, Eastlack R, Blaskiewicz DJ, Shaffrey CI, Schwab F, Bess S, Kim HJ, Mundis GM Jr, Klineberg E, Gupta M, O’Brien M, Hostin R, Scheer JK, Protopsaltis TS, Fu KM, Hart R, Albert TJ, Riew KD, Fehlings MG, Deviren V, Lafage V, International Spine Study Group.; J Neurosurg Spine 23:673–683, 2015

Cervical laminectomy and dentate ligament section for cervical spondylotic myelopathy.: Benzel EC, Lancon J, Kesterson L, Hadden T.; J Spinal Disord. 1991 Sep;4(3):286-95.

The Effect of Age on Cervical Sagittal Alignment: Park MS1, Moon SH, Lee HM, Kim SW, Kim TH, Lee SY, Riew KD.; Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Apr 15;38(8):E458-63.

Biomechanical considerations in the surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy.: White AA 3rd, Panjabi MM.; Yale J Biol Med. 1993 May-Jun;66(3):165-77.


Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery for Degenerative Disease: A Review、 Taku Sugawara; 2015 Jul; 55(7): 540–546.

Present and Potential Use of Spinal Cord Stimulation to Control Chronic Pain: Jason J. Song, MD, PhD, Adrian Popescu, MD, and Russell L. Bell, MD; Pain Physician 2014 17:235-246

Cervical Sagittal Imbalance is a Predictor of Kyphotic Deformity After Laminoplasty in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Patients Without Preoperative Kyphotic Alignment: Kenichiro Sakai, MD, PhD,Toshitaka Yoshii, MD, PhD,y Takashi Hirai, MD, PhD,y Yoshiyasu Arai, MD, PhD, Ichiro Torigoe, MD, PhD, Masaki Tomori, MD, PhD,Hirokazu Sato, MD, and Atsushi Okawa, MD, PhD; SPINE Volume 41, Number 4, pp 299–305


Cervical radiographical alignment: comprehensive assessment techniques and potential importance in cervical myelopathy.、Ames CP1, Blondel B, Scheer JK, Schwab FJ, Le Huec JC, Massicotte EM, Patel AA, Traynelis VC, Kim HJ, Shaffrey CI, Smith JS, Lafage V. Spine 2013 Oct;38(22 Suppl 1):S149-60

REVISION SURGERY FOR CERVICAL SPONDYLOTIC MYELOPATHY: SURGICAL RESULTS AND OUTCOME.、Gok B, Sciubba DM, McLoughlin GS, McGirt M, Ayhan S, Wolinsky JP, Bydon A, Gokaslan ZL, Witham TF. Neurosurgery. 2008 Aug;63(2):292-8

Revision Surgery for Failed Cervical Spine Reconstruction.、John D. Koerner, MD & Christopher K. Kepler, MD, MBA &Todd J. Albert, MD HSS J. 2015 Feb;11(1):2-8

Surgery for Failed Cervical Spine Reconstruction.、Melvin D. Helgeson , MD , and Todd J. Albert , MD † Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Mar 1;37(5):E323-7

Teriparatide Improves Trabecular Osteoporosis but Simultaneously Promotes Ankylosis of the Spine in the Twy Mouse Model for Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis、Hiroki Hamano, Masahiko Takahata, Masahiro Ota, Shigeto Hiratsuka, Tomohiro Shimizu, Yusuke Kameda, Norimasa Iwasaki,. Calcif Tissue Int 98:140-148


Scoliosis Research Society—Schwab Adult Spinal Deformity Classifi cation Frank Schwab , MD , Benjamin Ungar , BA , * Benjamin Blondel , MD , Jacob Buchowski , MD , †Jeffrey Coe , MD , ‡ Donald Deinlein , MD , § Christopher DeWald , MD , _ Hossein Mehdian , MD , ¶Christopher Shaffrey , MD , # Clifford Tribus , MD , ** and Virginie Lafage , PhD SPINE Volume 37, Number 12, pp 1077–1082, 2012,

Induction of Interleukin-1 in Articular Cartilage by Explantation and Cutting Saklatvala Johann Gruber, Tonia L. Vincent, Monika Hermansson, Mark Bolton, Robin Wait, and Jeremy ARTHRITIS & RHEUMATISM Vol. 50, No. 8, August 2004, pp 2539–2546

Hoyland1Nerve growth factor expression and innervation of the painful intervertebral discJournal of Pathology A. J. Freemont1, A. Watkins1, C. Le Maitre1, P. Baird1, M. Jeziorska1, M. T. N. Knight2, E. R. S. Ross3, J. P. O’Brien4 and J. A. J Pathol 2002; 197: 286–292.

Basic FGF mediates an immediate response of articular cartilage to mechanical injury Tonia Vincent, Monika Hermansson, Mark Bolton, Robin Wait, and Jeremy Saklatvala doi:10.1073/pnas.122033199PNAS 2002;99;8259-8264;

Toward using iPS cells to treat spinal cord injury:Their safety and therapeutic efficacy Kyoko Miura, Osahiko Tsuji1, Masaya Nakamura and Hideyuki Okano, Inflammation and Regeneration Vol.31 No.1 January 2011


Differences in gene expression profile among SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma subclones with different neurite outgrowth responses to nerve growth factor Tomoya Oe,¶ Takeshi Sasayama,_ T Nagashima, M Muramoto,_Takao Yamazaki,¶ Noriyuki Morikawa, Osamau Okitsu,_ Shintaro Nishimura,§ Toshiaki Aoki, Yoshiki Katayama¶ and Yasuhiro Kita Journal of Neurochemistry, 2005, 94, 1264–1276

J.P. Kuhtz-Buschbeck:Analysis of gait in cervical myelopathy, Gait and Posture 9 (1999) 184–189

Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD, Christopher K. Kepler, MD, MBA, Jeffrey A. Rihn, MD, Hidekazu Suzuki, MD, John K. Ratliff, MD, James S. Harrop, MD, William B. Morrison, MD, Worawat Limthongkul, MD, and Todd J. Albert, MD: Anatomical Relationships of the Anterior Blood Vessels to the Lower Lumbar Intervertebral DiscsJ Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012;94:1088-94

Elke Kunisch, Anne Jansen,† F Kojima,† Ivonne Lo¨ffler,‡ Mohit Kapoor,† Shinichi Kawai,§ Ignacio Rubio,‡ Leslie J. Crofford,† and Raimund W.Kinne* Prostaglandin E2 Differentially Modulates Proinflammatory/Prodestructive Effects of TNF-_ on Synovial Fibroblasts viaSpecific E Prostanoid Receptors/cAMP1TheJournal of Immunology, 2009, 183: 1328–1336.


Hans-Georg Schaible:Mechanisms of Chronic Pain in Osteoarthritis、Curr Rheumatol Rep (2012) 14:549–556

Sumihisa Orita,1 Seiji Ohtori,1 Maiko Nagata,2 Manato Horii,2 Masaomi Yamashita,1 Kazuyo Yamauchi,1 Gen Inoue,1 Munetaka Suzuki,1 Yawara Eguchi,1 Hiroto Kamoda,1 Gen Arai,1 Tetsuhiro Ishikawa,1 Masayuki Miyagi,1 Nobuyasu Ochiai,1 Shunji Kishida,1 Masashi Takaso,1 Yasuchika Aoki,1 Kazuhisa Takahashi1:Inhibiting Nerve Growth Factor or Its Receptors Downregulates Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Expression in Rat Lumbar Dorsal Root Ganglia Innervating Injured Intervertebral DiscsJ. Orthop. Res. 28: 1614–1620, 2010

K. M. CULHANE, M. O’CONNOR, D. LYONS, G. M. LYONSA:ccelerometers in rehabilitation medicine for older adults Age and Ageing 2005; 34: 556–560

RANJITH K. MOORTHY, M.CH., SURANJAN BHATTACHARJI, M.S., GANESH THAYUMANASAMY, M.C.A., AND VEDANTAM RAJSHEKHAR, M.CH. : Quantitative changes in gait parameters after central corpectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy, J Neurosurg: Spine 2:418–424, 2005


Chikashi Shirai a,∗, Seiji Ohtori b, Shunji Kishidab, Yoshitada Haradab, Hideshige Moriyab: The pattern of distribution of PGP 9.5 and TNF-alpha immunoreactive sensory, Neuroscience Letters 450 (2009) 18–22 nerve fibers in the labrum and synovium of the human hip joint

Hubert Labelle • Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong •Pierre Roussouly:Spino-pelvic sagittal balance of spondylolisthesis: a review and ssification, Eur Spine J (2011) 20 (Suppl 5):S641–S646


Prostaglandin E2 Exerts Catabolic Effects in Osteoarthritis Cartilage: Evidence for Signaling via the EP4 Receptor1 Mukundan Attur, Hayf E. Al-Mussawir, Jyoti Patel, Alison Kitay, Mandar Dave, Glyn Palmer, Michael H. Pillinger, and Steven B. Abramson2The Journal of Immunology, 2008, 181:5082–5088.

Adult Spinal Deformity—Postoperative Standing Imbalance How Much Can You Tolerate? An Overview of Key Parameters in Assessing Alignment and Planning Corrective Surgery Frank Schwab, MD, Ashish Patel, Spine 2010;35: 2224–2231

Pelvic Tilt and Truncal Inclination Two Key Radiographic Parameters in the Setting of Adults With Spinal Deformity Virginie Lafage, PhD, Frank Schwab, MD, Ashish Patel, MD, Nicola Hawkinson, NP, and Jean-Pierre Farcy, MD Spine 2009;34:E599–E606

Role of Pelvic Incidence, Thoracic Kyphosis, and Patient Factors on Sagittal Plane Correction Following Pedicle Subtraction OsteotomyPeter S. Rose, MD,* Keith H. Bridwell, MD,* Lawrence G. Lenke, MD,* Geoffrey A. Cronen, MD,* Daniel S. Mulconrey, MD,* Jacob M. Buchowski, MD,*and Youngjung J. Kim, MD† Spine 2009;34: 785–791


High molecular weight hyaluronic acid inhibits IL-6-induced MMP production from human chondrocytes by up-regulating the ERK inhibitor, MKP-1 Misato Hashizume, Masahiko Mihara ⇑Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 403 (2010) 184–189

Effect of the cathepsin K inhibitor odanacatib administered once weekly on bone mineral density in Japanese patients with osteoporosis—a double-blind, randomized, dose-finding studyT. Nakamura & M. Shiraki & M. Fukunaga &T. Tomomitsu & A. C. SanM. Nakagomi & H. Tsubouchi & E. Rosenberg & S. Uchida, Osteoporos Int、DOI 10.1007/s00198-013-2398-2,2013

Mark S. Eskander, MD, Steve M. Balsis, PhD, Chris Balinger, MD, Caitlin M. Howard, MD, Nicholas W. Lewing, MD, Jonathan P. Eskander, MD, Michelle E. Aubin, MD, Jeffrey Lange, MD, Jason Eck, DO, MS, Patrick J. Connolly, MD, and Louis G. Jenis, MDThe Association Between Preoperative Spinal Cord Rotation and Postoperative C5 Nerve Palsy J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012;94:1605-9 d

Ko Matsudaira, MD,* Atsushi Seichi, MD, Junichi Kunogi, MD,† Takashi Yamazaki, MD,‡Atsuki Kobayashi, MD,† Yorito Anamizu, MD,§ Junji Kishimoto, MA,¶ Kazuto Hoshi, MD,*Katsushi Takeshita, MD,* and Kozo Nakamura, MD*The Efficacy of Prostaglandin E1 Derivative in PatientsWith Lumbar Spinal StenosisSPINE Volume 34, Number 2, pp 115–120

Joshua M. Pahys, MD, Jenny R. Pahys, MPH, Samuel K. Cho, MD, Matthew M. Kang, MD, Lukas P. Zebala, MD,Ammar H. Hawasli, MD, PhD, Fred A. Sweet, MD, Dong-Ho Lee, MD, and K. Daniel Riew, MD Methods to Decrease Postoperative Infections Following Posterior Cervical Spine Surgery2013 BY THE JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY

Cyrus Caroom , MD , * Jessica M. Tullar , PhD, MPH , † E. Garrison Benton, Jr , MD , * Jason R. Jones , BS , * and Christopher D. Chaput , MD *Intrawound Vancomycin Powder Reduces Surgical Site Infections in Posterior Cervical FusionSPINE Volume 38, Number 14, pp 1183–1187

Seung-Jae Hyun, M.D., Ph.D.,1 Seung-Chul Rhim, M.D., Ph.D.2Clinical Outcomes and Complications after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Fixed Sagittal Imbalance Patients : A Long-Term Follow-Up Data J Korean Neurosurg Soc 47 : 95-101, 2010


Seung-Jae Hyun, M.D., Ph.D.,1 Seung-Chul Rhim, M.D., Ph.D.2Clinical Outcomes and Complications after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Fixed Sagittal Imbalance
Patients : A Long-Term Follow-Up Data J Korean Neurosurg Soc 47 : 95-101, 2010 M. Pumberger,D. Froemel, A. Aichmair, Clinical predictors of surgical outcome in cervical spondylotic myelopathy AN ANALYSIS OF 248 PATIENTS, Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:966–71.
Ramee Lee, Pouneh Kermani, Kenneth K. Teng,, Barbara L. Hempstead*,Regulation of Cell Survival by Secreted Proneurotrophins, Science 294, 1945 (2001);


Ramee Lee et al.:Regulation of Cell Survival by Secreted Proneurotrophins、Science 294, 1945 (2001); Tomoaki Toyone , MD , Tomoyuki Ozawa , MD , Kunimasa Inada , MD , Toshiyuki Shirahata , MD ,Ryutaro Shiboi , MD , Atsuya Watanabe , MD , Keisuke Matsuki , MD , Sota Kitahara , MD , Fumio Hasue , MD ,Takayuki Fujiyoshi , MD , Yasuchika Aoki , MD , Gen Inoue , MD , Sumihisa Orita , MD , Seiji Ohtori , MD ,Yuichi Wada , MD , Tadashi Tanaka , MD , and Kazuhisa Takahashi , MDShort-Segment Fixation Without Fusionfor Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures With Neurological Defi cit Can Preserve ThoracolumbarMotion Without Resulting in Post-traumaticDisc Degeneration SPINE Volume 38, Number 17, pp 1482–1490,2013 A. R. McLellan et al. :Roberts Fracture liaison services for the evaluation and management of patients with osteoporotic fracture: a cost-effectiveness evaluation based on data collected over 8 years of service provisionOsteoporos Int (2011) 22:2083–2098 Joy N Tsai et al.:,Teriparatide and denosumab, alone or combined, in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis: the DATA study randomised trialLancet 2013; 382: 50–56


Hiroshi Hagino:Fragility Fracture Prevention: Review from a Japanese Perspective, Yonago Acta medica 2012;55:21–28 Hirotaka Chikuda et al: Mortality and Morbidity in Dialysis-Dependent Patients Undergoing Spinal Surgery, JBJ S, 94-A d 5, 7, 2012 M. Suzuki, S. Orita, M. Miyagi, T. Ishikawa, H. Kamoda, Y. Eguchi, G. Arai, K. Yamauchi, Y. Sakuma, et al., “Vertebral Compression Exacerbates Osteoporotic Pain in an Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis Rat Model,” Spine, 1 (2013) Richard M Dell et al: Incidence of Atypical Nontraumatic DiaphysealFractures of the FemurJournal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 27, No. 12, December 2012, pp 2544–2550 Timothy G. et al: Petheram, Dropped Head SyndromeSpine 2008;33:47–51


Melvin D’Anastasi1Correlation Between Vacuum Phenomenon on CT and Fluid on MRI in Degenerative DisksAJR:197, November 2011, 1182- Atok.D., Dropped head syndrome, AAOS,2012 Xiao-Peng Xia, Prevalence of Adjacent Segment Degeneration After Spine Surgery SPINE Volume 38, Number 7, pp 597–608,2013 Timothy G. Dropped Head SyndromeSPINE Volume 33, Number 1, pp 47–51 2008


Youridies Vattakuzhi:Dual-Specificity Phosphatase 1–Null Mice Exhibit Spontaneous Osteolytic Disease and Enhanced Inflammatory Osteolysis in Experimental ArthritisARTHRITIS & RHEUMATISMVol. 64, No. 7, July 2012, pp 2201–2210

Atsushi Ono:The Relationship Between the Anatomy of the Nuchal Ligament and Postoperative Axial Pain After Cervical Laminoplasty, Spine 2012 ; 37 : E1607 –E1613

Luiza Helena Ribeiro: Effect of Facet Joint Injection Versus Systemic Steroids in Low Back Pain, Spine 2013;38:1995–2002


Pentosidine Effects on Human Osteoblasts in Vitro ROBERTA SANGUINETI,a DANIELA STORACE,a FIAMMETTA MONACELLI,a ALBERTO FEDERICI,b AND PATRIZIO ODETTI Adjacent Segment Disease Following Lumbar/Thoracolumbar Fusion With Pedicle Screw InstrumentationGene Cheh, MD,† Keith H. Bridwell, MD,* Lawrence G. Lenke, MD,*Jacob M. Buchowski, MD,* Michael D. Daubs, MD,‡ Yongjung Kim, MD,§ and Christy Baldus, RN*SPINE Volume 32, Number 20, pp 2253–2257 2007,


Ossifi cation of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament in Not Only the Cervical Spine, but Also Other Spinal RegionsYoshiharu Kawaguchi , MD, PhD , Masato Nakano , MD, PhD , Taketoshi Yasuda , MD, PhD , Shoji Seki , MD, PhD , Takeshi Hori , MD, PhD , and Tomoatsu Kimura , MD, PhDSPINE Volume 38 , Number 23 , pp E1477 – E1482 2013,

Analysis of Radiography Findings of Ossifi cation of Nuchal Ligament of Cervical Spine in Patients With Cervical SpondylosisHongli Wang , MD , Fei Zou , MD , Jianyuan Jiang , MD , Feizhou Lu , PhD , Wenjun Chen , MD ,Xiaosheng Ma , PhD , Xinlei Xia , PhD , and Lixun Wang , PhDSpine 2014;39:E7–E11

Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Accelerates Osteoblast Differentiation and Promotes Bone Formation in an Osteoporosis Rat ModelShuliang Wu a Yumi Kawahara a, b Tomotaka Manabe a Kazuyuki Ogawa a Masaya Matsumoto a Akira Sasaki a Louis YugePathobiology 2009;76:


Cervical Radiographical Alignment、Christopher P. AmesSpine 2013;38:S149–S160

Myelopathy and Spinal DeformityMohammed F. Shamji, Spine 2013;38:S147–S148

T1 Slope as a Predictor of Kyphotic Alignment Change After Laminoplasty in Patients WithCervical Myelopathy, Tae-Hwan Kim, Spine 2013;38:E992–E997 Spinal Kyphosis Causes Demyelination and NeuronalLoss in the Spinal Cord, Kentaro Shimizu, Spine 2005;30:2388–2392

Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Improve BoneMicrostructure and Strength in Ovariectomized Rats through a Wnt/Lrp5/b-Catenin Signaling-Associated Mechanism, Da Jing, PLOS ONE, November 2013 | Volume 8 | Issue 11 | e79377


Pathobiology of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, Spyridon K. Eur Spine J

Three-dimensional gait analysis outcomes at 1 year following decompressive surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy:Ailish M, Dara M, Ciaran B、Eur Spine J (2015) 24:48–56


Dural tears in primary decompressive lumbar surgery. Is primary repair necessary for a good outcome?:Grannum S, Patel MS, Attar F, Newey M.、Eur Spine J (2014) 23:904–908